General surgery is a surgical specialty that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases, injuries, and disorders of the digestive system, endocrine system, breast, vascular system, and skin. General surgeons are responsible for a wide range of procedures, including:
- Abdominal surgery, such as gallbladder removal, hernia repair, and colon cancer surgery
- Breast surgery, such as mastectomy and lumpectomy
- Endocrine surgery, such as thyroidectomy and adrenalectomy
- Vascular surgery, such as varicose vein surgery and aneurysm repair
- Plastic surgery, such as skin grafts and reconstructive surgery
- Trauma surgery, such as the treatment of injuries from car accidents, falls, and other accidents
To become a general surgeon, you must complete medical school and a four-year residency program in general surgery. General surgery residencies typically last five years.
General surgery is a challenging but rewarding career. General surgeons play a vital role in the healthcare system, providing care for patients with a wide range of medical problems.