Angioplasty is a surgical procedure to restore blood flow in cases of artery narrowing or occlusion. The artery is opened by placing special metal tubes called stents or balloons into the blood vessel. Accordingly, it is also called balloon angioplasty and stent treatment. Angioplasty is an option to reduce heart damage, chest pain, and shortness of breath after heart attack.
How is Angioplasty Performed?
Routine tests such as chest X-ray, EKG, and blood tests, and some imaging tests are performed to see the condition of the arteries Before angioplasty. Angioplasty is usually performed under local anesthesia. A flexible tube called a catheter is inserted into the vein by making an incision in the groin, wrist, or arm. A small balloon is placed in the artery section to be treated with the help of a catheter. The balloon is inflated to expand the artery and restore blood flow. During the same procedure, a stent that will remain permanently in the vein can also be placed to open the artery occlusion. Angioplasty takes 1-2 hours depending on the type of procedure.
The patients can usually return home on the same day of the operation after angioplasty, but it is recommended to rest for at least 1 day. Avoid heavy lifting, strenuous activities, and driving for a week. In cases such as bleeding and swelling in the area where the catheter is placed, prolonged pain, signs of infection, chest pain, and shortness of breath, a doctor should be consulted immediately.