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What is Scoliosis

What is Scoliosis

Scoliosis is defined as the right or left curvature of the spine that should normally be placed in a straight line when the spine is viewed from the back. Scoliosis is not just a one-dimensional angular deformation, but a bone and structural deformation that affects the body in three dimensions, from the front and the side.

Scoliosis is the curvature of the spine that usually occurs during the rapid growing tall in adolescence. Although it may develop due to neurological diseases such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of many scoliosis is unknown. Scoliosis is seen in 3% of adolescents.

Many curvatures of the spine do not affect daily comfort, but some curvatures may reach serious degrees. In severe curvatures, the chest volume decreases, and respiratory functions are negatively affected.

What is The Cause of Scoliosis?

The cause of scoliosis is unknown in the vast majority of patients. However, the presence of scoliosis in first-degree relatives increases the risk of the disease. Therefore, there is a genetic relationship. Except that;

  • * Musculoskeletal system diseases (such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy),
  • * Congenital diseases which is affecting bone development,
  • * Spine infections and injuries,

In such cases, scoliosis may develop.

What are the Symptoms of Scoliosis?

  • * Shoulders, shoulder blades (scapula), and pelvic bones that are not evenly aligned when 

  •    viewed from the outside,
  • * If one leg looks longer than the other
  • * One of the hips appears higher,
  • * Viewing the spine curl to the side,
  • * When a person leans forward, the ribs on one side of the body are higher than the other  
  •    side,
  • * Long-term neck, back, and low back pain,
  • * Shortness of breath, tiredness.

How Is Scoliosis Diagnosed?

The diagnosis is made based on both examination findings and radiological examinations (X-ray, MRI, Computed Tomography, etc.).

During the examination, the detailed medical history of the patient is learned. The patient is asked to lean forward from the waist without bending the knees. Meanwhile, the back is looked at. The observation of a rib protrusion on one side of the back is a significant examination finding.

Scoliosis Treatment

In untreated scoliosis patients, low back and back pain, nerve damage, and various problems related to organs such as lung and heart may occur in the future. In addition to these problems, the person's negative thoughts about his / her own appearance are also an issue that should be considered in treatment planning.

Scoliosis patients with spinal curvature of 10 to 25 degrees should be regularly followed up. Radiological imaging is done regularly during doctor's visits. Activities such as swimming and exercises can be recommended to the patients according to their health conditions.

Brace and corset can be recommended to patients who have spinal curvature between 25 degrees and 40 degrees to prevent the progression of the curvature.

Surgery may be considered in patients with scoliosis whose spinal curvature is above 40 degrees. In surgery, the spine is corrected thanks to metal rods. The straightened spine is fixed by applying the screwing process.

The use of O-arm and Neuromonitorization technologies in scoliosis surgery minimizes the possibility of complications such as nerve damage. For more information on these Technologies: https://bit.ly/33SOJsn


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